(also I can't figure out how to put a picture here)
“ Perfect is very boring, and if you happen to have a different look, that’s a celebration of human nature, I think. If we were all symmetrical and perfect, life would be very dull. “
If you are even a small part of the BBC Sherlock fandom reblog this now
everything will be explained later
i’m reblogging this because the sherlock fandom is terrifying and I’m scared that if I don’t reblog this one day I’m just going to be killed in my sleep when they rid the world of all non-believers or something and that’s what they meant by “everything will be explained later”
If the wizarding gene is dominant, as J.K. Rowling says in her famous series of Harry Potter books, then how can a wizard be born to muggle parents (non-magical people)? And how can there be squibs (non-magical people born into wizarding lines)?
It seems these baffling genetic questions have finally been answered, thanks to Andrea Klenotiz, a biology student at the University of Delaware.
In a six-page paper, which she sent to Rowling, Klenotiz outlines how the wizarding gene works and even explains why some witches and wizards are more powerful than others.
“Magical ability could be explained by a single autosomal dominant gene if it is caused by an expansion of trinucleotide repeats with non-Mendelian ratios of inheritance,” Klenotiz explains.
What does this mean?
In school we learn the fundamentals of genetics by studying Gregory Mendel’s pea plant experiments and completing basic Punnett squares. Basically, we’re taught that whenever one copy of a gene linked to a dominant trait is present, then the offspring will exhibit that dominant trait, regardless of the other gene.
However, Non-Mendelian genes don’t follow this rule, which is the basis of Klenotiz’s argument. She says that the wizarding gene could be explained if it’s caused by a trinucleotide repeat, which is the repetition of three nucleotides — the building blocks of DNA — multiple times.
These repeats can be found in normal genes, but sometimes many more copies of this repeated code can appear in genes than is standard, causing a mutation. This kind of mutation is responsible for genetic diseases like Huntington’s Disease. Depending upon how many of these repeats occur in the genes, a person could exhibit no symptoms, could have a mild form of the disease or could have a severe form of it.
In her paper, Klenotiz argues that eggs with high levels of these repeats are more likely to be fertilized, a phenomenon known as transmission ratio distortion. She also suggests that the egg or sperm with high levels of repeats is less likely to be created or to survive in the wizarding womb.
This argument answers several questions about wizarding genetics:
How can a wizard be born to muggle parents?
Genetic mutations can randomly appear, meaning anyone could be born with the wizarding gene. However, there’s a better chance of magical offspring occurring if the parents are on the high side of the normal range for mutations.
How can a squib be born to wizard parents?
Although parents with these mutated magical genes would be likely to pass the gene on to their children, there’s still a possibility that any given offspring might not inherit the trinucleotide repeat.
How can varying degrees of magical ability be explained?
The more repeats a wizard inherits, the stronger the magical power he or she will have. If both wizarding parents are powerful wizards, it’s likely their offspring will also be powerful.
You can read Klenotiz’s full paper on wizarding genetics here.
Far and away one of the nerdiest things I’ve ever read. Love it.
Cold but warming…
Tumblr, pack your bags…
omg look how far away you would be from everyone you don’t like
I came home from college last night. I can’t even go to the bathroom in peace
How my roommate was greeted after his deployment ceremony
This is the moment when Kurse walks up to his cell and just from looking at him for two seconds, instinctually knows he’s too dangerous to let out.
I love how unafraid Loki is. Or rather, how courageous he is. How resourceful, how poised to use any eventuality to his advantage. If anyone ever says he’s a coward, they haven’t seen this movie.
I love this scene. I love that the two of them basically circle each other like predators AND KURSE BLINKS FIRST. He’s the one who backs away. Even other predators know who’s king here. Look at that little smile in the first gif. He’s not the slightest bit intimidated. He’s faced the worst the universe has to offer. Let unstoppable darkness get back to him when its got a resume. It’s Loki’s version of the same smile Thor gets when he’s about to lay something to waste. It’s the smile of a man who’s not really taking your threat seriously. Let it never be said that Loki’s not a bad ass. He is. Of the first order. And in addition to that he’s dangerous in a way Thor never will be.
Guys. Loki is so dangerous that it took an entire team of SIX FREAKING SUPER HEROES to bring him down. And even then, the Hulk was the only thing that could get the job done somewhat decently. But even after the Hulk had smashed him around like a rag doll, Loki wasn’t even that badly off. He had a few scratches here and there, but to be honest he looked worse at the beginning of Avengers when he’d just come through the Tesseract. He was up and walking a few minutes right after his altercation with the Hulk, and if he’d had a few minutes more to heal, you bet your ass that Loki would’ve gotten up and returned to his rampaging. He is not someone to mess with.
Loki is the absolute deadliest kind of threat because you don’t know what to expect from him. He’s the freaking God of Mischief and Lies. His innate skill is knowing how to attack you in the way you least expect or even know how to defend yourself from. And not only does he have the brains, but as evidenced by his numerous fights with Thor whom he holds his own pretty well against—he batters Thor around quite a bit in the first movie, and it takes Thor placing Mjolnir on Loki’s chest to end the fight—Loki has the brawn too. Sure, he’s not built like Thor or Captain America, and he doesn’t have the robotic strength of Iron Man, but he is a trained fighter. He’s a goddamned prince of Asgard, of course he’s trained for battle. So put together his crazy and ridiculously cunning intellect with lethal fighting ability AND HIS FUCKING MAGIC, and you have some scary shit.
The monster parent’s tell their children about, indeed.
I will also comment that Tom was able to portray Loki perfectly. He brings breath to Loki. Just his facial expressions can display the power and intensity of The God of Mischief. Look at his amazing acting. His movements are even different as Loki. He transforms into the character. Loki is an extremely powerful god, and Tom tells us that through his epic acting.
Snowing….again. It’s beautiful outside right now, watching it snow…Winters in Wisconsin. I love it here.